Travel Guide -Flora – Fauna.

Travel Guide – Amazon Peru

Field Guide /Flora & Fauna of Kosñipata Valley

Contents

  • Introduction of theAmazon .
  • How to use this guide to -Amazon .
  • Ecosystems of the Amazon .
  • Tourist attractions to jungle Amazon .
  • Flora and Fauna Amazon Wild.
  • Mammals of the Amazon .
  • Birds of Peru Amazon .
  • Amphibians to the Amazon .
  • Reptiles of the Amazon .
  • Arthropods in the Amazon .
  • Plants Amazon .

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Introduction of the Amazon Wild Manu Park .

The Kosñipata Valley is located along the high and intermediate zones within the Manu Biosphere Reserve, which is considered one of the most biologically diverse areas on the planet. The biodiversity in this region is largely due to the range of ecosystems and climates found within it. The presence of its beautiful landscapes, colorful flora and fauna, and its cultural heritage, makes this unique geographic area highly suitable for the development of nature tourism in the amazon .
This field guide will serve as a tool to identify a wide range of plant and animal species distributed along the road between the Abra de Acjanaco and the Atalaya pier (Buffer Zone of Manu National). It also includes information on the main tourist attractions of the area, culture, natural habitats and landscapes, thus providing visitors a simple yet comprehensive source of information.
This guide is part of the project “Promotion of Sustainable Tourism in the Key Biodiversity Area KosñipataCarabaya, Peru”, which purpose is to contribute to the education and training of local tourist guides and transfer of information to others local actors from the Kosñipata district. The guide presents more than 240 full-color images, which include several taxonomic groups such as birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, insects, arachnids and plants, as well as landscapes, cultural manifestations, and tourist maps.

Ecosystems of the Amazon

On the route from Acjanaco to Atalaya, the visitors can appreciate several types of ecosystems, from the grassland in the high Andes to the humid forests that descend to the Amazon basin. For the purposes of this guide, the fourlandscapes that characterize the Kosñipata Valley are mentioned in a simplified manner: the puna, elfin forest, cloud forest, and rainforest, however, change occurs gradually through a complex transition of ecosystems. Finally, the Atalaya port (at 500 meters) is the access to the Alto Madre de Dios River and the Amazonian plain. The climate varies rapidly from a cold and dry environment in the highlands to warm and humid climate at the lower altitudes. This geographical and environmental variability is the reason why this sector has one of the greatest biodiversity on the planet, where the flora and fauna of Andean and Amazonian origin are mixed.

Puna grassland – Manu Park Amazon .

Altitudinal range: 3500 — 4050 m.
The highest areas of the Kosñipata Valley correspond to the Puna ecoregion and is generally located above 3500 – 3600 m of altitude. This area is dominated largely by grasslands with rolling hills. All visitors arriving in Kosñipata Valley must first pass through the “Abra de Acjanaco” (Acjanaco Pass), located at 3500 m above the sea level, which is the gateway to the valley and the Manu National Park. This is also where the SERNANP ranger station is located and where this type of landscape can be appreciated. In some areas of the puna, there are also small patches of shrub-like vegetation and even some smaller trees (up to 7-8 m high), particularly in areas near the streams. Some small lagoons, streams and swamps are also part of the puna landscape. The highest point of the entire of Kosñipata Valley and Manu National Park is the Apu Kaajhuay peak, which reaches an altitude of 4050 m.
The most abundant and characteristic plant of the puna is the “ichu” (Stipa ichu), which is a grass of up to 40—50 cm in height. Ichu grows in dense mats and is the natural habitat of many species of animals, such as small rodents, birds, amphibians, reptiles and many insects and arachnids. The climate of the Puna is cold, although temperatures can vary with of up to 30˚C between day and night. Rainfall is varied, with the rainy season between Novenber and April. The atmospheric humidity is also high, and is influenced by fog that is generated in the lower areas of the valley.
Both plants and animals have adapted to live in these adverse environments and although the biological diversity is not high as in the lowlands, many species are endemic and exclusively inhabits this ecoregion.

Elfin forest – Amazon Wild Manu

Altitudinal range: 2500 — 3500 m

Starting from Acjanaco, and descending in altitude, is an area of ecotone or transition between the puna and the tropical humid forests where the Andes meets the Amazon. These forests, called by the ancient Peruvians as “yungas”, correspond to the ‘Montane forest Ecoregion’ and are below 3500 m in altitude. Here there are several levels of changing vegetation; the first of them is the elfin forest that is characterized by mixed elements of flora and fauna, and where species of grassland and forest coexist. The trees are small in size (12—15 m), mixed with shrub vegetation (e.g. Melastomataceae, Asteraceae, Ericaceae) and many species of orchids. The “Ericson trail”, that begin in Acjanaco, is ideal to observe many orchid species. This area is also a preferential habitat for animals such as the Peruvian white-tailed deer, Spectacled bear, and puma. There are also birds, such as the Eared-dove, Yungas pygmy-owl, hummingbirds (e.g. Sapphire-vented-puffleg or the impressive Sword-billed hummingbird), Masked flower-piercer and the Hooded mountain-tanager, among others. It is also habitat to several endemic species of amphibians, such as the marsupial frog Gastrotheca antoniiochoai or the semi-aquatic frog Telmatobius mendelsoni. The climate of this region is humid and cold, and while not having the extreme variability in temperature as the puna, it can vary with 0 to 15 ˚C between day and night. The humidity can reach 100% due the cloudiness in the area, and has a clear rainy and dry season, with the dry season being between May and September.

Altitudinal Range Amazon Manu : 1300 — 2500 m.

One of the most impressive regions in the Kosñipata Valley is the “cloud forest” which is located between 1300 to 2500 m altitude. The name of this type of forest comes from the presence of abundant and constant mist throughout the day, often limiting the visibility to 2—3 meters. The humidity and mist is also source of persistent rainfall. The topography is quite jagged, often having slopes with more than 30 degree inclination which forms numerous streams and in some places even impressive waterfalls. The famous Mirador of Unión is located in this area, as are the dwellings in San Pedro. The trees in this region are higher, often exceeding 20 meters, with the trunks and branches covered by epiphytes, mosses, and ferns. The orchids are very diverse in this region, as are the bromeliads of the genus Tillandsia. These bromeliads are epiphytic plants with rosette like leaves that store water, which form micro-habitats of some amphibians, insects, and other invertebrates. The area also harbours tree ferns of the genus Cyathea and large areas of bamboo forest called “carrizales”.
The cloud forest is habitat to hundreds of birds and one of the few places where one still can observe the cock of the rock, Highland motmot, Booted racket-tail, Masked trogon, and the Crested quetzal, among others. Two species of monkeys can be seen in this region, as can Jaguarundi, Dwarf-brocket, South American coati, tayra and several species of marsupials, rodents and bats. The climate is temperate and wet, with yearly rainfall that can exceed 2,500 mm. The peak rainy season is between December and March, while temperatures vary between 16 and 25 ˚C.

Rainforest Tropical Amazon Wild .

Altitudinal range: 500—600 to 1300 m

This region covers the lower part of the Kosñipata Valley, where the villages Pillcopata, Patria, Chontachaca and Asunción are located. The region has moderate slope, and is – due the topography and prevailing climate – the area with the greatest agricultural activity since the time of the Incas. Currently the agriculture is very diverse, with the most important crops being cassava, chili peppers, and fruits such as bananas, papaya and pineapple. The main rivers in this region are the Piñi Piñi, Tono and Kosñipata rivers, which together form the Alto Madre de Dios River. Visitors to the region can navigate in small canoes from the Atalaya port to the Manu River, which is the entrance to the greater Amazonian plain and the heart of the Manu National Park.
The Amazon influence on the flora and fauna is very evident in this region and it’s also here where the greatest biodiversity of the Kosñipata Valley is found. The primary forests include several layers of vegetation: the forest canopy with trees over 30 m, the middle stratum between 15 to 20 m, with young trees and palms that are very frequent, and the lower part of the forest that corresponds to the understory where seedlings, shrubs and herbs abound. At ground level there is a layer of leaf litter. In all these layers, there is enormous variability of birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles and especially arthropods. Many species have adapted to live exclusively in the canopy, such as monkeys, eagles, toucans and thousands of insects, while other species of birds, amphibians and arthropods are found only at the understory level. In other areas in this region there are secondary forests, especially in the vicinity of agricultural areas, as well as patches of bamboo forest (Guadua sp.) and small plant associations dominated by Mauritia flexuosa palm. The rainforest is characterized by a warm climate with average temperatures of 25˚C, with more than 5,000 mm of annual rainfall, and is as such the rainiest area of the valley.

TOURIST ATTRACIONS.

Manu National Park – Amazon  ( Tres Cruces Viewpoint ) .

The Tres Cruces viewpoint is located in the Tourist and Recreational Zone of Manu National Park (MNP) in the Andean region. From the town of Paucartambo you must travel 45 kilometers to the Acjanaco pass (3800 m altitude) and from there follow a trail to the viewpoint of Tres Cruces. The viewpoint faces the Amazon, from where you can appreciate the rainforest of the Kosñipata Valley, the gateway to the MNP. From the viewpoint you can appreciate a unique visual spectacle: the sunrise here, thanks to a natural effect, seems to place the visitors in between the Andes and the Amazon. Also, thanks to another natural phenomenon, “three suns” can be seen at the same time illuminating the summit of the mountain called Apu Kañajhuay, located at more than 3800 m altitude in this área amazon .

Manu National Park (Acjanaco Sector) – Amazon Wild .

The Acjanaco area stretches from the Acjanaco Surveillance and Control Post (SCP) to the Tres Cruces viewpoint. It includes two trails for hikers and one for research.

_ The interpretation trail, which goes from the Sven Erickson Obelisk (who built the Paucartambo – Pillcopata road) to the Acjanaco SCP and the Yanayacu Lake. Although its route is short, it serves as a viewpoint and interpretation point for tourists who enter the national park for the first time.
The Erikson Trail, which is 5.3 km long. It stretches from the SCP Acjanaco to the Pillahuata State, at kilometer 126 of the Paucartambo – Pillcopata Road. It is the trail that receives the greatest number of visitors because it is possible to appreciate the transition from the grassland and queuñas forest (Polylepis pauta) to the cloud forest tropical amazon .

The Union Trail, almost exclusively for research purposes, is 13 kilometers long, from the Tres Cruces viewpoint to the Union Creek, at kilometer 150 on the Paucartambo-Pillcopata Road. On the way you can observe ecosystems of the puna, bogs and cloud forest in manu park Amazon .

Amazon – The leks of the Cock-of-the-Rocks in the cloud forest Manu Park.
The Cock-of-the-Rock (Rupicula peruvianus), famous for being one of the emblematic birds of the forest, is also the national bird of Peru amazon . It is a relatively large bird belonging to the Cotingidae family, known for its courtship and colorful plumage. Males are predominantly orange-red in colour, while females are darker, orange-brown in color. Males congregate among the trees where the undergrowth ends, in mating places called leks. Each male defends his perch as his display territory. In a lek there are usually many males very close to each other, waiting for a female to approach. Once the female is near, the males begin the mating courtship accompanied by loud grunting and cackling and particularly theatrical leaps. The aim of such an extravagant show is to win the attention of the female.

Harakbut People Amazon .

This is an indigenous group comprised by people from different areas of the Manu Biosphere Reserve. Two major groups are found in Manu: the Amarakaeri and the Wachiperi. The Amarakaeri ethnic group can be found in the Shintuya community, which is located on the right side of the Alto Madre de Dios River and the Shintuya River, and is accessed is by waterway and also by road from Pillcopata. The Wachiperi ethnic group can be found in the Queros community, located upstream of the Pillcomayo River, 11 km from Pillcopata. In addition, Wachiperi also form the Santa Rosa de Huacaria community, which is located in the Piñi Piñi River basin, 7 kilometers from Pillcopata. These villagers have been involved in tourism for several years, including initiatives of experienced-based tourism, production of handicrafts, and traditional medicine.

Jungle Ultra Marathon – Amazon .

The Jungle Ultra Marathon from the Andes to the Amazon is considered by the organizers as an extreme sport. It takes place in the district of Kosñipata in the Manu Biosphere Reserve. Its route is 230 kilometers long, where physical activity is combined with adventure. Athletes must traverse trails, rivers and forests with an impressive biodiversity. The route starts at Wayqecha Biological Station and continues through San Pedro, the Tono sector, the native community of Santa Rosa de Huacaria, the Villa Carmen Biological Station, the native community of Queros and ends in Pillcopata.

Coñec Narrow Gorge Manu Park Amazon .

The Alto Madre de Dios river is formed by the union of the Pillcopata and Piñi Piñi rivers, close to the town of Pillcopata. There, an impressive flow of water crosses one of the last Andean tributaries that enter from the Region of Cusco towards the region of Madre de Dios, giving rise to the Coñec Narrow Gorge (pongo in Spanish). The pongo is formed by rocky walls, which in the narrowest part do not exceed 50 meters in width. The water that flows with force forms swirls and rapids. The 300-meters route around the pongo is dangerous during the rainy season (November – April) but quiet during the dry season (May – October ).

Gastronomy and local resources of Peru .

The kosñipaco is one of the new representative dishes of the Cusco gastronomy from the Amazonian area. It is a delicious stew served throughout the year in the district of Kosñipata and is made of local ingredients, including paco (fish from the area), fried plantains, local chili, cocona (an Amazon fruit) and a wild type of coriander. Also, the pacamoto is a traditional Amazonian dish prepared by the indigenous Wachiperi and Matchiguenga. The main ingredient is fish and the connoisseurs prepare it by placing the fish inside young bamboo stalks and cooking it on a bonfire. It is served with boiled plantains and cassava. Visiting Kosñipata is an unforgettable experience. It is an ideal place for hiking, bird watching, boating, horseback riding, fishing, and cultural experiences by visiting the native communities. The road here is also considered one of the most wonderful routes of the southeastern Amazon.

 

Mammals  the Amazon

Alouatta sara – Amazon
350—550 m SVL 430—690 TAIL 500—800 P 4—12 kg
Big size, arboreal and diurnal. Gregarious, with a dominant male, several females and their offspring. It uses the middle and upper strata of the forest tropical amazon , where it feeds on leaves in this área .

Black spider monkey – Aazon Manu .
350- 550 m SVL 431—532 TAIL 740—879 P 8—10 kg

Arboreal and diurnal. Live in groups formed by individuals of both sexes and different ages. Use the highest strata of the forest amazon. It feeds on fruits, flowers, leaves and insects.

Tschudi´s Woolly Monkey – Amazon Manu park .

350 -2150 m SVL 400—686 TAIL 550—800 P 8—11,5 kg
Arboreal and diurnal. It has gray fur, dense and woolly. Its prehensile tail is highly used for moving. Gregarious and mainly frugivorous, they disperse to feed themselves in the are wild amazon .

Shock – headed Capuchin – Amazon . .
1000—1460 m SVL 358—460 TAIL 365—475 P 1.1—4.3 kg
Medium size, arboreal, diurnal and occasionally nocturnal. It is a gregarious species, which can adapt to different types of forests amazon , using all strata, its diet is omnivorous.

Large – headed Capuchin – amazon wild
1000-1460 m SVL 350—50 TAIL 375—500 P 1,35—4,8 kg
Medium size, arboreal, diurnal and occasionally nocturnal. It is a gregarious species, which can adapt to different types of forests live in the amazon , using all strata, its diet is omnivorous .

Southern Tamandua – amazon .
350-1700m SVL 522—880 TAIL 370—590 P 3,6—8,5 kg

Arboreal and terrestrial; solitary, diurnal and nocturnal. The long tubular snout and the long thin tongue with very sticky saliva, are adaptations for its diet based on termites, ants and wasps thr live in forest amazon wild .

Jaguar – amazon .
350—1000 m SVL 1400—1850 TAIL 560—800 P 70—180 kg
Solitary, terrestrial, nocturnal and diurnal this is species . It is the largest feline in America. Carnivore, frequents bodies of water to hunt. It marks its territory by means of urine, excrement and scratching tres in the amazon lover.

Mountain Lion Puma- Mountain Lion – amazon peru .
350-3450 m SVL 860—1540 TAIL 630—960 P 29—120 kg

Big size, solitary, terrestrial, nocturnal and diurnal. It is found in most habitats in America. Carnivorous. It is an agile climber, has a powerful jump and good swimmer in the amazon .

Ocelot
500-1460 m SVL 700—900 TAIL 320—410 P 8—14,5 kg

Medium size, solitary, terrestrial, nocturnal and diurnal. Carnivorous. It is found in a range of habitats, always preferring areas with good vegetation coverage and near bodies of wáter in this área tropical of the amazon .

Andean Fox – amazon wild
3450—3800 m SVL 600—752 TAIL 305—408 P 4—6,5 kg
Medium size, solitary, terrestrial, nocturnal and diurnal. it feeds on small mammals, lizards, birds, eggs and fruit. It takes refuge in holes, caves and cracks found in the ground or vegetation rainforest amazon.

Spectacled Bear Spectacled Bear te amazon .
1920-3450 m SVL 1120—2200 TAIL 70—110 P 17—200 kg

The only bear in South America. Solitary and diurnal. It has white lines around the eyes that vary in length. Omnivore. Builds “beds” with leaves and branches to rest and feed of the forest amazon wild .

South America Coati – amazon wild .
1000- 1450m SVL 470—580 TAIL 420—550 P 3—7,2 kg

Small size, arboreal, terrestrial and diurnal. It is found in wooded habitats. Omnivore. Females and juveniles can form large groups; the adult male is solitary live in the rainforest amazon .

South American Tapir – amazonia .
350—1000 m SVL 1700—2200 TAIL 46—100 P 227—250 kg
Gregarious, diurnal and nocturnal. The herd is led by an adult male or female. It is nomadic and feeds on fruits, seeds, flowers, insects, and small vertebrates live in hole in amazon .

Collared Peccary – amazon wild .
500-1000 m SVL 800—980 TAIL 25—45 P 17—35 kg

Gregarious, diurnal and crepuscular. It is quiet, the herd moves in a single row, dispersing to feed on fruits, leaves, flowers, seeds, insects and small vertebrates , amazon wild .

Red Brocket Deer -amazon .
350—700 m SVL 900—1440 TAIL 95—150 P 12—48 kg
Medium size, solitary, diurnal and nocturnal. The males with simple straight antlers of 12 to 15 cm. Frugivore, browseor. It prefers dense vegetation, through which it moves easily in this área amazon .

Peruvian Dwarf Brocket Deer – amazon .Peruvian Dwarf
2450-3300m SVL 700—720 TAIL 0.24 P 11 kg

Small size, solitary. Of diurnal, nocturnal and crepuscular activity. It presents simple antlers of 3 to 5 cm. It is frugivorous and a browser. It inhabits the brow of the mountain, cloud forest amazon wildlife .

White – tailed Deer  White Tailed Deer – amazon wild .
2880-3800m SVL 1130—2260 TAIL 100—250 P 50—120 kg

Big size, diurnal and nocturnal. Lives alone, in pairs or small groups. It’s pastry and ramoneador. Males present antlers, branched in adults and simple in young males lives in this área nature amazon.

Black – eared – amazon wild.
1000—1920 m SVL 324—500 TAIL 336—580 P 750—2500 gr
Big size, arboreal, terrestrial and nocturnal. Solitary; it feeds on vertebrates, invertebrates, leaves, fruits and occasionally nectar. Nest in hollows of trees, or in the branches by building nests that grows in this natural area of the Amazon .

White Billied – Slender Mouse Opossum – amazon .
350-1920m SVL 125—160 TAIL 150—190 P 35—85 gr
Small size, arboreal, terrestrial and nocturnal. It builds nests, for which it uses leaves and branches. Solitary and omnivorous. It is found in primary, secondary and disturbed forests.

Tschudi’s Slender Opossum
600-1460m SVL 103—154 TAIL 140—205 P 27—51 gr

Small size, arboreal and terrestrial. Active during the night. It feeds on insects, other invertebrates and fruits. Solitary. Builds nests in trees at low levels.

Forest Rabbit
350—1000 m SVL 268—400 TAIL 10—35 P 0.68—1.25
Terrestrial, solitary, nocturnal and crepuscular. Present in primary, secondary and intervened forests. It feeds on stems, leaves and roots and takes refuge in burrows

Pucheran’s Squirrel –amazon wild.

350-1100m SVL 151—212 TAIL 135—225 P 1,36—2,42 kg
Arboreal, terrestrial and diurnal. More common in the middle and lower strata of the forest, it prefers areas of dense vegetation the amazon tropical . It feeds on seeds, fruits, insects, leaves, flowers.

Brown Agouti – amazon peru .
1000-1500m SVL 445-540 TAIL 11-38 P3-5.2KG

Solitary or in couple, terrestrial and diurnal. It prefers areas with dense undergrowth. It is found in mature, disturbed and secondary forests. It feeds on fruits and nuts the largest rodent in the amazon.

 

Birds

Geoffroy’s Tailless Bat – amazonia .
800—3350 m SVL 59—81 TAIL 0 P 13—18 gr
Medium size, nocturnal. Tailless; its snout and tongue are long, specialized to a diet based on the consumption of nectar and flowers. It has a very important role in the pollination of plants leave in the rainforest amazon .

Flat – faced Fruit – eating Bat

Flat –Faced Fruit – eating Bat
1000-1050M SVL 75—95 TAIL 0 P 40—73 gr

Medium size, nocturnal. With facial lines, from conspicuous to faint. It feeds on fruits of trees of the canopy, occasionally it can consume flowers, leaves and insects in this área rainforest amazon .

Black Myotis – amazon peru .
600-1050 m SVL 40—55 TAIL 28—39 P 3—8 gr
Small size, nocturnal. The females and juveniles perch in large groups, the males remain separate and solitary. Insectivorous. Mammals; Snakes and arthropods are predators of this species leave in this amazon rainforest.

Brown Tinamou
450—2200 m R 25 – 30 cm
Uncommon in Manu, solitary or in pair. Both sexes similar, inhabits in the understory where they feed on fruits, bamboo seeds and invertebrates leave in the amazon rainforest wild .

Andean Goose – amazon .
3800m R 75 – 80 cm

Fairly common, usually in pairs and small flocks of up to 20 individuals outside the breeding season, inhabits small lagoons and wetlands cocha that were formed in the Amazon.
Speckled Teal

Spectacled Teal –amazon
3500m R 40.5 – 43 cm

Widespread in lagoons and small rivers, observed in small flocks. Foraging among the aquatic vegetation feeding on invertebrates, larvae and sedes that grow in this amazon .

Horned Screamer of the amazon .
280—500 m R 40.5—43 cm
Inhabits rivers and marshes, usually perched on branches, solitary or in small flocks. The diet consists of roots, leaves, flowers and fruits in the amazonia .

Neotropic Cormorant – amazon .

280-3600m R 58—73 cm

Inhabits rivers, solitary or in small flocks. Searches for food by diving and swimming underwater, catching fish, tadpoles and frogs that grow in the amazon .

Anhinga – amazon bird .
280-500m R 82.5—89 cm
Inhabits rivers and swamps with dense vegetation. Often observed perched with their wings and tails outstretched to dry. Feeds mainly on fish and crustaceans of the amazon .

Rufescent Tiger-Heron – amazon peru .
280—500 m R 66—76 cm
Uncommon, inhabits rivers and streams preferably with dense vegetation, usually observed solitary, feeding on small fish, crustaceans and aquatic insects find in the amazon rainforest .

Cocoi Heron – amazon .
280-500m R 104-127 cm
Mostly inhabits lakes and swamps, observed solitary or in pairs during the breeding season, usually sedentary looking for food on the shores .

Great Egret – amazon .
280-500 m R 91.5-99 cm

Fairly common, observed on rivers, lakes and swamps, solitary or in small flocks, usually fishing with other waterfowls.

Ibis de la Puna – bird amazon .
3500 (VAGRANT 450) m R 60—61 cm
Common, inhabits the vicinity of lagoons and marshes, usually in flocks, feeds on all types of crustaceans, insects and plant shoots plan grow ing in this área amazon .

Speckled Chachalaca – amazon .
280-1600m R 49.5—52 cm
Common, near growing areas and secondary vegetation, solitary or in small flocks. Perches on tree branches, they emit a loud vocalization. Feeds on fruits the plant grow in amazon .

Spixs Guan – bird amazon .
280-1500mR 76-84 cm

Inhabits branches of trees, feeding on fruits and seeds, its vocalization is noisy, builds its nests at 5 meters of height. Vulnerable to hunt in the amazon manu .

Pale Winged Trumpeter – bird amazon .
280—1050 m R 45—52 cm

Inhabits humid forest, sensitive to human disturbance, its diet consists of fruits of a variety of plant species grow in área amazon and some arthro¬pods.

Black Vulture – bir amazon .
280—1300 m R 60—65 cm
Widespread in open areas, amazon forest edges and rivers. Possesses agile walking and sometimes hunting small prey. Several indivi¬duals congregate on t carrion.

King Vulture – amazon .
280—900 m R 70—75 cm
Characterized by its multicolored bare skin, inhabits forest áreas of the amazon , perched in open areas only when carrion is present. Dominant to other species of vultures.

Swallow-tailed Kite – amazon bird .
280—2000 m R 52—62 cm
Fairly common, inhabits the canopy of humid forests of the amazon , easily re¬cognizable by its forked tail while flying, feeds on insects and also hunts other small vertebrates.

Double-toothed Kite – amazonia .
280—1350 m R 29—35 cm
Uncommon, inhabits the middle canopy of the rainforest manu amazon , re¬mains quite, silent and usually follows groups of monkeys to take advantage of insect hunting when the vegetation is disturbed.

Roadside Hawk – amazon .
280—2500 m R 34—40 cm
Common in secondary forests and riverbanks, silent and easy to observe when perched on scattered trees, captures prey in short flights in this área amazonia .

Sunbittern- amazon .
280—1600 m R 43—48 cm
Inhabits streams, swamps and riverbanks, generally solitary. Walks and makes short flights searching food such as small fishs, amphibians and arthropods leave in the amazon .

Blackish Rail – amazon .
280—600 m R 27—29 cm
Apparently rare, inhabits wet zones, streams with aquatic vege¬tation and swampy areas with vegetation amazon tropical amazon . Feeds on small fishs, larvae, insects, worms and vegetable matter.

Lesser Yellowlegs – amazon bird .
280—600 m B 24—27 cm
Common on riverbanks, lakes this amazon manu and small swamps. Solitary or in flocks, searches for their food by pecking at the surface of the water near other waterfowl.

Eared Dove – bird amazon .
(VAG 250) 3000—3300 m R 25.5—26 cm
Fairly common, inhabits open vegetation, scrub and close to crops. In pairs or flocks, looks for food in the vegetation amazon grow plant ,feeding of shoots and seeds.

Hoatzin – amazon .
280—500 m R 61—69 cm
Common, mostly inhabits oxbow lakes. Usually perched on branches in pairs or small flocks, with deep fluttering and short flights, feeds on tender leaves and fruits in the amazon .

Smooth-billed Ani – amazon .
280—800 m R 33—35.5 cm

Widespread in open hábitats, forests amazon tropical clearings and secondary growth scrub, forages on branches or soil, feeding on arthropods, bird eggs, small amphibians and reptiles.

Blue-and-yellow Macaw – amazon bird .
280—1000 m R 81.5—87 cm
Travels long distances, in pairs or flocks up to 30 individuals. Inhabits mostly in Mauritia palm swamps. Currently declinin population due to hunting in the amazon .

Scarlet Macaw – amazon .
280—1000 m R 84—91.5 cm

Travels long distances, usually in pairs or small flocks up to 8 in¬dividuals, emitting loud and strident vocalizations. Feeds mostly on palm fruits grow in the amazon .

Chestnut-fronted Macaw – amazon .
280—1200 m R 48—50 cm
Fairly common, usually observed in pairs or small flocks, moving over rivers and small clearings, emitting more rapid vocaliza¬tions than other macaws leave in amazon rainforest .

Yungas Pygmy-Owl – amazon rainforest .
1500—3500 m R 15—16 cm
Uncommon, inhabits the interior of forests or understory, mostly nocturnal and twilight. Hunts small prey such as birds amazon , amphi¬bians, reptiles and some arthropods

Great Potoo – amazon bird .
280—600 m R 48—54 cm

Uncommon, inhabits the canopy and riverbanks, nocturnal and twilight activity, captures prey by flying. During the day remains resting in this área amazon .

Band-winged Nightjar – amazon .
1700—3500 m R 22—23.5 cm
Common, inhabits areas of scrub and forest clearings. At night, hunts insects by short flights. During the day rests on the ground in the área amazon .

Green Hermit – amazon bird .
550—1600 m R 14.5—15.5 cm
Fairly common, inhabits in undergrowth and feeds mainly on Heliconia flowers and other plants grow in the rainforest amazon , males group in leks within dense vegetation.

Wire-crested Thorntail – amazon .
500—1500 m R M11.5 cm, H 6.5—7 cm
Uncommon, inhabits the canopy of forest amazon rainforest . Observed drinking nectar and foraging on leaves searching spiders and insects; fe¬male dark and unornate.

Festive Coquette – bird amazon .
280—600 m R 7.5—8 cm
Uncommon, remains mostly in the canopy of the forest amazon , feeds near trees and epiphytes with many flowers, female unornate.

Shining Sunbeam – amazon .
2500—3350 m R 11—12 cm
Fairly common. Inhabits grassland with shrub vegetation and fo¬rest edges, conspicuous and territorial species, feeds on flowers and hunts insects in flight in the amazon .

Sparkling Violet-ear – amazon .
400—3500 m R 13.5—14 cm
Fairly common. Inhabits semi-open áreas in amazon with shrub vegetation, territorial and very vocal species, feeds on flowers and hunts in¬sects in flight from a perch.

Sword-billed Hummingbird – bir amazon .
2500—3500 m R 19.5—22 cm
Uncommon, it has the longest beak in the world, inhabits shrub vegetation of the amazon , feeds nectar mainly from Passiflora flowers, when perched keep its beak upright.

Golden-tailed Sapphire – bird amazon .
280—1550 m R 9.5—10 cm
Uncommon, inhabits forest edges and secondary vegetation of the amazon , male blue-headed and female less distinctive; feeds on the nectar of the flowers.

Violet-fronted Brilliant – amazon .
900—2000 m R M 14 cm, H 12 cm
Fairly common, remains mostly in undergrowth and forest wild amazon and edge, feeds on flower nectar. Green male with a glowing blue crown.

Booted Racket-tail – amazon .
1000—2600 m R M 12 cm, H 19 cm
Uncommon, inhabits the canopy forest and secondary vegeta¬tion the rainforest amazon ; feeds mainly on nectar of short corolla flowers such as Eri¬caceae. Female less distinctive.

Sapphire-vented Puffleg – amazon .
2400—3450 m R 11.5—12 cm
Fairly common. Inhabits in clearings and forest of the amazon edges, feeds on flower nectar and hunts insects in flight from a perch

Violet-throated Starfrontlet – amazon forest .
1900—3350 m R 14—14.5 cm

Common, inhabits in the interior of forest and bush areas, ag¬gressive and territorial species of the amazon , feeds on nectar flowers and hunts insects in flight mainly in bromeliads.

Long-tailed Sylph – amazon bird .
1200—2200 m R M 15—18 cm, H 10 cm

Inhabits the canopy and middle stratum of forest are the amazon , feeds mainly on nectar of Ericaceae flowers using its tail to balance, also hunts insects in flight.

Trogón Enmascarado – amazon bird .
1100—3500 m R 25—26 cm
Fairly common in forest amazon where it remains silent perched on bran¬ches, solitary or in pairs. Feeds on fruits and arthropods. Brown female.

Quetzal Crestado – bird amazon .
1000—2100 m R 33—34 cm
Rare, inhabits middle canopy and forest clearings, solitary or in pairs. Stealthy species that performs short flights to release fruit from tres the forest amazon ; female without distinctive crest.

Ringed Kingfisher – bird amazon
280—1000 m R 30.5—32 cm

Widespread over rivers, lakes and swamps. Observed perched on branches and dives abruptly into the water to capture its prey leave in the rainforest amazon .

Highland Motmot – amazon .
1000—2500 m R 46—48 cm

Uncommon, inhabits the middle canopy and forest .wild center amazon . findig edge. Solitary or in pairs, sits quietly, feeds on arthropods, wagging its tail like a pendulum.

Bluish-fronted Jacamar – amazon .
280—1450 m R 20—23 cm
Common, inhabits clearings, bamboo forest of the amazon , rivers, swamps and streams, remains silent perched on exposed branches, hunting insects and other arthropods in flight.

Lanceolated Monklet – amazon bird
500—1500 m R 13.5 cm
Uncommon to rare, inhabits the understory, solitary and gene¬rally inconspicuous, performs short flights to capture its prey. Sometimes follows mixed flocks of small birds leave in the rainfores center amazon .

Black-fronted Nunbird – amazon rainforest .
280—750 m R 26—27.5 cm
Common in transition forest and varzea, solitary or in small floc¬ks, generally noisy and forages in the undergrowth feeding on arthropods and berries in fiding in forest amazon .

Versicolored Barbet – amazon rainforest .
750—2100 m R 16 cm
Uncommon, inhabits mostly the canopy forest of the amazon with epiphytes, generally solitary or in pairs, feeding mainly on fruits and seeds, complemented by beetles.

Red-crested Cotinga – amazon forest .
2500—3450 m R 20.5—21 cm
Amazon rainforest is Common in the transition zone between Puna and montane fo¬rest, generally perch on treetops, feeds on fruit and hunt insects in flight.

Blue-banded Toucanet – bird amazon .
1300—2500 m R 38—43 cm
Common, inhabits areas close to the tops of tres this forest amazon , moving sear¬ching fruit and tender leaves in this área amazon . Solitary, but in the breeding season several individuals can group in flocks.

Gray-breasted Mountain-Toucan – amazon rainforest .
1450—3500 m R 41—44 cm
Amazon tropical uncommon, inhabits the treetops of the dwarf forest and cloud forest, solitary or in pairs. Characterized by its colorful peak, binds to other species while feeding.

Wedge-billed Woodcreeper – bird amazon .
280—1400 m R 13.5—14 cm
Amazon forest Inhabits in the interior of forests, solitary or in pairs, climbs trunks in spiral form where it captures its prey, sometimes is as¬sociated to mixed flocks.

White-lined Antbird – forest amazon .
280—1350 m R 14.5 cm
Rainforest amazon is Inhabits mostly bamboo forests, in pairs or small flocks, looking for their food at ground level. Male dark coloration.

Black-spotted Bare-eye – amazon bird .
250—1250 m R 18.5cm
Amazon forest Inhabits mostly the understory of transitional forests, feeds in pairs or small flocks, following army ants, capturing arthropods and small reptiles frightened by them.

Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant – amazon .
2500—3550 m R 12.5—13 cm

In the amazon Fairly common, inhabits in edge of forest and semi-open areas with shrub vegetation, solitary or in pairs, fly short distances, feeds on insects.

Tropical Kingbird .
280—2600 m R 22 cm
Fairly common. Inhabits the forest edge and open áreas amazon . Re¬mains perched in exposed zones, solitary or in small flocks, hun¬ting insects in flight.

White-capped Dipper – amazon .
950—2600 m R 15—16 cm
Amazon forest Inhabits rivers, streams and rocky currents, flying very low above water. Rests on rocks and dives into the water searching aquatic arthropods.

Blue-gray Tanager – amazon tropical .
280—1600 (2400) m R 30.5—32 cm
Amazon forest is Fairly common, inhabits on forest edges and secondary vegeta¬tion, in pairs or small flocks, searching food on trees with abun¬dant fruit, flowers and small invertebrates.

Andean Cock-of-the-roc – bird amazon manu .
650—2550 m R 31—33 cm
Forest amazon is Inhabits areas near streams and wet zones, feeds of fruits with high protein content. Males form Leks during the breeding sea¬son; females are orange-brown.

Band-tailed Manakin – amazon .
280—1000 m R 10—11 cm
Fairly common in the amazon . Inhabits the undergrowth, feeds mainly on small fruits of Melastomataceae and Rubiaceae. Males form leks du¬ring the breeding season, female yellowish.

Green Jay – forest amazon .
1150—2200 m R 30—33 cm
Fairly common bird amazon , inhabits the middle stratum and canopy of fo¬rest, feeds on fruits and arthropods, sometimes associated with tanagers. Vocalization noisy.

Hooded Mountain-Tanager .
2500—3250 m R 23—24 cm
Rainforest amazon is Fairly common, inhabits the middle stratum and canopy of fo¬rest, in small flocks; frugivorous, forages between the branches, sometimes joins mixed flocks.

Yellow-throated Tanager – amazon .
1000—2200 m R 16 cm
Common, inhabits mostly dense undergrowth and sometimes the canopy amazn forest . In pairs or small flocks, moves between vegetation feeding on fruits and some arthropods.

Golden-collared Tanager – bird amazon .
2200—3500 m R 15 cu
This bird amazon is uncommon, inhabits isolated patches of the dwarf forest, with brightly colored plumage. In pairs or associated with mixed floc¬ks to feed mainly on fruit

Golden Tanager – amazon tropical .
750—1800 m R 13.5—14 cm
Fairly common in the amazon , inhabits the middle canopy of the forest. Moves between the branches tilting its head searching of small fruits and arthropods.

Paradise Tanager – amazon wild .
280—1600 m R 14 cm
Fairly common, inhabits in canopy of forest amazon and secondary vege¬tation, keeps moving looking for arthropods among the branches and bromeliads. Associated with mixed flocks.

Golden-eared Tanager – rainforest amazon .
850—1600 m R 14 cm
In the amazon uncommon, inhabits the canopy of forest. In pairs search for their food among the thin branches, or associated with mixed flocks to feed on fruits.

Black-throated Flower-piercer – amazon bird .
2600—3500 m R 14 cm
Rainfores amazon is Fairly common, inhabits mostly dwarf forest and shrubland, has a distinctive hooked beak to pierce the bases of the flowers and extract the nectar.

Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager – amazon bird .
2600—3400 m R 18.5 cm
Fairly common, inhabits mostly clearings and forest edges. In pairs or small flocks, also feeds on fruit and are associated with mixed flocks in the amazon .

Masked Flower-piercer – amazon forest .
1500—3500 m R 14.5 cm
Uncommon, inhabits the middle and upper level of the forest amazon , solitary or in pairs,sometimes associated with mixed flocks, feeds on fruits and insects

Tit-like Dacnis – forest .
3450—3500 m R 12—12.5 cm
Common. Inhabits mostly shrubland, also associated with dwarf forest with the presence of Polylepis and Gynoxys trees. In small flocks, feeds on insects between thin branches and leaves in the área amazon .

Buff-throated Saltator – amazon bird .
250—1500 m R 20.5—21 cm
Fairly common, inhabits mostly clearings and forest edges. So¬litary or in pairs and are also associated with mixed flocks, they move between trees with abundant fruit in área amazon .

Red-capped Cardinal – amazon wild .
280—600 m R 16.5 cm
Amazon wild isFairly common on edges of dense vegetation and near lakes and rivers. In pairs or family flocks, forages on floating vegetation and branches.

Rufous-collared Sparrow – amazon nature .
2500—3500 m R 14—15 cm
Wild amazon Fairly common, usually on forest edges, shrubland and grass¬land. Solitary, pairs or forming large flocks, foraging between the soil and shrubs, mainly granivorous.

Dusky-green Oropendola bird amazon .
1000—2600 m R 41—43 cm
Fairly common, usually on forest edges near the rivers and the road. Forages in flocks and feeds on fruit, build large hanging nests on the highest branches of tres grow in amazon .

Yellow-rumped Cacique – rainforest amazon .
280—1050 m R M 27—29, H 23—25 cm
Common on forest edges, forages in flocks or associated with oropendolas and magpies; the song contains imitations of songs of frogs, birds and insects. Build hanging nests in hight tree of the amazon .

Amphibians to the Amazon

Crested Forest Toad – amazon rainforest .
2900—3539 m 2.0—7.4 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and nocturnal. It has cranial crests be¬hind the eyes, with the appearance of dry leaves. Inhabits pri¬mary and non-fat forests of the amazon . Main diet is ants and beetles.

Cane Toad – amazonia .
0—1150 m 9.7—23.0 cm
Terrestrial, large size and nocturnal. It has large parotid glands. It inhabits open or impacted áreas of the amazon , borders of rivers, streams or channels. Diet, wide range of arthropods.

Manu Toad – amazon forest .
2696—2800 m 3.1—4.1 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Rounded parotids, promi¬nent and silvery tympanum, interdigital membranes. Wine red color. It inhabits pristine cloud forests of the amazon .

Acjanaco Andes Frog manu amazon .
3266—3430 m 1.2—1.8 cm
Terrestrial, medium size, nocturnal. With orange – yellow spots on the throat and groin. Live in dwarf and grassy forests, in moss, leaf litter and under stones of the amazon .

Carabaya Robber Frog – amazon rainforest .
300—1200 m 1.5—3.2 cm
Semiarboreal, small size and nocturnal. Some with a W-shaped mark on the back. Coloration of various shades of brown. It is usually 1.5 meters above the ground, on leaves in this área amazon .

Olive Robber Frog – amazon forest .
350—1300 m 1.6—2.5 cm
Arboreal, small size, nocturnal. Some with a cream-colored in¬ter-orbital band. Green color and light brown variations. Com¬monly it sings in the top of the tres grow in this área amazon .

Ravine Robber Frog –forest amazon .
1180—2750 m 2.1—2.9 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. With a dorsolateral fold and blue color on the back edge of the eyes and gallons on the back. Lives in primary forest and riparian vegetation the amazon .

Rain Robber Frog – amazon wild .
740—1110 m 2.2—2.9 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. With tubers on the eyelid, orange brown to reddish brown. It lives in primary forests amazon and between two meters and treetops.

Cuzco Robber Frog – wild amazon .
1000—2000 m 2.7—4.5 cm
Semiarboreal, medium size and nocturnal. With orange spots on back thighs. It lives in primary and secondary forests this área amazon , commonly found in low vegetation

Acjanaco Puna Frog – wildlife amazon .
2900—3539 m 1.6—2.5 cm
Terrestrial, small size and nocturnal. Blue gray belly with brown spots, back sometimes with a cream-colored paravertebral line. Live in grasslands the amazon , shrubs, under stone and leaf litter

Bell Glass Frog – amazon wild.
500—1750 m 2.2—3.1 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Lower side of belly half trans¬parent and the other site white. Green, greenish violet color and with white lip. Lives in primary forests, streams and riparian vegetation forest amazon .

Shihuemoy Poison Frog – amazon .
340—850 m 1.9—2.6 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and nocturnal. Black color with a coral line and blue belly. Lives in pristine forest the amazon and edges of gorges. Arthropod diet. Male responsible for parental care.

Rana arbórea Gladiadora – amazon .
900—2000 m 3.5—5.5 cm
Treefrog, medium size and nocturnal. Greenish band on the face and white dorsolateral specks, brown or green. Lives in primary and secondary forest the amazon , along gorges.

Grainy Treefrog wild amazon .
0—1200 m 3.5—3.8 cm
Treefrog, medium size and nocturnal. Transparent belly, edge of eyes blue, rounded snout. Lives in floodplain forests, pools and creek edges. Diet of arthropods, mainly crickets.

Tiger-striped Monkey Frog – amazon wild .
90—1500 m 5.0—8.1 cm
Treefrog, medium size and nocturnal. Spur on the heel, white be¬lly. Lives in primary and secondary forest wild amazon , and temporary bodies of water within the forest and open areas. Arthropod diet.

Camba Monkey Frog – nature amazon .
280—1000 m 6.1—8.2 cm
Arboreal, large and nocturnal. Big black iris, with vertical pupil. It lives in primary and secondary forest, swamps this área amazon , ponds and per¬manent pools. Arthropod diet

Shreve’s Sarayacu Treefrog – amazon wildlife .
0—1500 m 2.4—3.7 cm
Treefrog, small size and nocturnal. With axillary membrane, trian¬gular mark on the back from the tip of the snout to the eyes. It lives in primary, secondary and bamboo forests the amazon área

Devil Treefrog – amazon forest .
150—1696 m 1.7—2.8 cm
Treefrog, small size and nocturnal. With tubercles on the eyelids, orange spots on the armpits and calves. Lives in primary the forest amazon and se¬condary forest. Frequent in permanent pools.

Bullfighting Treefrog – nature amazon .
0—1250 m 6.9—9.4 cm
Treefrog, large size and nocturnal. Females with smooth skin and tubercular in males, with two longitudinal crests between the eyes. It lives in forests of firm and swampy land. Arthropod diet leave in this área amazon .
Henle’s

Slender-legged Treefrog – wild amazon .
260—1650 m 4.7—8.3 cm
Treefrog, medium size and nocturnal. Females larger than males, has a black iris, with golden rays and white lips. It frequents rocky gorges this área amazon .

Two-striped snouted treefrog – amazonia .
0—1200 m 2.7—4.5 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Of variable coloration, of yellow, brown and greenish yellow, and orange in the thighs. Fre¬quent on edges of forest and ponds of urban áreas tropical amazon .

Lowland Tropical Bullfrog – forest amazon .
0—1500 m 1.5—2.9 cm

Terrestrial, small size, it is diurnal-nocturnal. Long, pointed snout, grayish brown, sometimes with a cream back side band. Lives in primary and secondary forest of the amazon área .

Time Water Frog – manu amazon .
3450—3800 m 3.9—5.8 cm
Semi-aquatic, medium and nocturnal size. Black back and belly orange and cream. Live in pristine forests or little disturbed areas. Frequent gorges and rocky áreas in manu amazon peru .
Nauta mushroomtongue

Salamander – manu amazon .
90—1500 m 3.0—4.2 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Cylindrical and elongated body, short legs and arms. Color with brown variations. Lives in primary and secondary forest, on leaves at 1.5-2.0 m. ground área wild forest amazon .

REPTILES .

South American Pipesnakes – amazon .
280—1000 m SVL 86.9—106.0 cm
Semi-aquatic, fossorial, large size and nocturnal. Short tail, ovo¬viviparous. Diet includes snakes, lizards, cecilidos, eels, inverte¬brates leave in manu amazon ..

Rainbow Boa – wild amazon .
280—000 m SVL 150.0—200.0 cm
Semiarboreo-terrestrial, large size and nocturnal-crepuscular. Short tails, agglutinated teeth, Ovovivípara Diet, birds (hatchlings and eggs), small mammals, lizards. Defense, bite and cloacal discharge área forest .

Brown Whipsnake – nature amazon .
280—2167 m SVL 89.9—150.2 cm TAIL 51. 0 cm
Arboreal-terrestrial, large size and diurnal. Long tail, teeth agli¬fos, Oviparous. Diet, amphibians, lizards, salamanders. Defense, vertical stop, tail vibration, chest compression, bite this species grow in amazon .

Mountain Whipsnake – nature amazon .
500—3000 m SVL 85.9—101.4 cm TAIL 50.0 cm
Arboreal-terrestrial, large size and diurnal. Long tail, teeth agli¬fos, oviparous. Diet, amphibians, lizards. Defense, vertical stop, tail vibration, chest compression, bite leave in wild amazon .

Ornate Snail-Eater – amazon forest .
280—1000 m SVL 56.0—59.8 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Long tail, males with longer tails. Oviparous, teeth aglifos. Diet, snails, slugs and insects. De¬fense, cloacal discharge in the área amazon .

Black Collared Snake – wildlife amazon .
1180—2750 m TOTAL 50.6—83.7 cm
Terrestrial-semiarboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Long tail, Oviparous. Diet, eggs of lizards. Defense, cloacal discharge, twis¬ting the body this species amazon ..

Corredora Lustrosa – forest amazon .
280—1000 m TOTAL 103.2—130.0 cm
Terrestrial, large size and diurnal. Long tail, oviparous. Diet, am¬phibians and lizards, eggs of lizards and snakes. Defense, cripsis, vertical stop, vibration of the tail, twisting the body growing in amazon .

Brown Banded Watersnake – wildlife amazon .
280—1000 m TOTAL 68.6—73.5 cm
Aquatic, medium size and nocturnal. Medium tail, oviparous or viviparous, opisthoglyph tooth. Diet, aquatic vertebrates, fish and tadpoles. Defense, bite, twisting the body, constricting the body this species of the amazon wild .
Blunth Headed Vine snakes – wild amazon .
280—2000 m SVL 62.0—125.0 cm TAIL 35.0 cm
Arboreal, large size and nocturnal. Long tail, oviparous, tooth aglifo. Diet, amphibians, lizards and reptile eggs. Defense, twis¬ting the body, discharge cloacal species leave in the área amazon manu park.

Banded Cat-eyed Snake – forest amazon .
280—1500 m SVL 56.0—57.8 cm 90.7—103.8 TAIL 40.0 cm
Arboreal-terrestrial, medium and nocturnal size. Long tail, ovipa¬rous, opisthoglyph tooth. Diet, amphibians, adults, tadpoles and eggs. Defense, compress the head, S-shaped body, cloacal discharge

Yellow Headed Flame Snake – amazon wild manu
280—1000 m SVL –—77.2 cm TAIL 22.0 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and nocturnal. Long tail, oviparous, opistho¬glifos teeth. Diet, small mammals, birds, lizards and eggs. Defense, discharge of excreta, vibration of the tail, flight, erratic movements. Leave in the área amazon manu park.

Black Headed Flame Snake .tropical amazon .
280—1500 m SVL 31.1—90.1 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and nocturnal. Long tail, oviparous, opistho¬glifos teeth. Diet, small mammals, birds, lizards and eggs. Defense, discharge of excreta, vibration of the tail, flight, erratic movements

Forest Flame Snake – amazonia wild .
280—1000 m TOTAL 111.2—112.0 cm
Terrestrial, large size and nocturnal. Long tail, oviparous, opistho¬glifos. Diet, small mammals, birds, lizards and eggs. Defense, dis¬charge of excreta, vibration of the tail, flight, erratic movements , most see in amazon manu

Peru Slender Snake – forest amazon .
2600—4000 m SVL –—45.0 cm
Terrestrial, small size, diurnal. Small tail, opisthoglifos teeth. Diet of mammals and amphibians. Defense, bite and discharge of ex¬creta , mos leave rainforest amazon manu peru .

Common False Viper – peru amazon .
280—1200 m TOTAL 75.0—87.5 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and diurnal. Medium tail, aglifo tooth, oviparous. Amphibian diet. Defense, dorsal flattening of the body and bite , rainforest amazon .

Small Eyed Toadheaded Pitviper – wild amazon .
1000—2350 m TOTAL 40.0—94.1 cm
Terrestrial, medium size and nocturnal. Short tail, solenoglyph tee¬th, viviparous, diet of rodents, marsupials, amphibians. Defense by vibration of the tail, bite, injection of poison and blows to the head this is diet defense by brivations in rainforest amazon .

Two Striped Forest Pitviper – amazon peru .
280—1000 m TOTAL 70.0—123.0 cm
Arboreal, medium size and nocturnal. Short tail, solenoglyph tee¬th, viviparous, diet of rodents, marsupials, amphibians. Defense by vibration of the tail, bite, injection of poison and blows to the head is very danger in the amazon

South American Bushmaster – wild amazon .
280—1000 m TOTAL 200.0—360.0 cm
Terrestrial, large size and nocturnal. Short tail, solenoglyph tee¬th, oviparous. Mammals diet Defense by vibration of the tail, bite, injection of poison and blows to the head is very danger in rainforest amazon manu .

Brown Eared Anole – amazon manu .
280—1600 m SVL 5.1—5.4 cm
Arboreal, medium size, diurnal. Oviparous reproduction. Diet, spiders, grasshoppers, homoptera, larvae and cockroaches. De¬fense, camouflage, escape , this species mos leave in rainforest amazon .

Horned Woodlizard – manu amazon .
280—1000 m R SVL –—11.0 cm
Arboreal, large size and diurnal. Oviparous reproduction. Diet, in¬vertebrates. Defense, camouflage, escape, opening of the mouth, bite.

Turnip Tailed Gecko
280—1000 m SVL 9.0—12.6 cm
Arboreal, large size and nocturnal. Oviparous reproduction. Diet, grasshoppers, crickets, moths and cockroaches. Defense, camou¬flage, escape, opening of the mouth, loss of tail. stributed from Mexico southward through Central America and into South amazon

Upper Amazon Skink
280—1500 m SVL –—9.2 cm
Arboreal-terrestrial, medium size and diurnal. Viviparous repro¬duction. Diet, arthropods. Defense, camouflage, escape, loss of tail nigropalmata in the western Amazon of Peru and Bolivia. .

Rainbow Sun-Gecko .- amazon forest .
280—1000 m SVL 4.0—4.1 cm
Arboreal, small size and diurnal. Oviparous reproduction. Diet, arthropod cockroaches, grasshoppers, crickets, mantids, pupae and larvae of insects, beetles and spiders. Defense, camouflage, escape, loss of tail and skin , inhabitant of vertical tree trunks, buttress roots, and buildings in the Amazon rainforest.

Amazon Racerunner
280—600 m SVL 14.9—17.4 cm TAIL 34.0
Terrestrial, large size and diurnal. Oviparous reproduction. Diet, varie¬ty of arthropods and occasionally snails, worms, smaller lizards, lizard eggs and plant material. Defense, camouflage, escape, loss of tail, bite , this is species is very fast in amazon wild.

 Artoprods

Madre de Dios Black scorpion amazon wild .
280—600 m 70—90 mm
This is a dangerous scorpion for humans due to the potency of its venom. Inhabits in the primary forest amazon lives on the trunks of large tres. Juveniles are yellowish-brown.

Stream scorpion – amazon forest .
330—750 m 50—70 mm
Inhabits exclusively in ravines and small stony streams. During the nights it is located on the stones and walls looking out for small insects. What appears for its food its natural life in the tropical Amazon

Whip Spider the amazon forest .
280—750 m 50—70 mm
They are characterized by the first pair of legs is much longer than the others and has tactile functions. They are venomless and capture their prey using their powerful pedipalps this lives inside of amazon .

Harvestmen – wild amazon .
800—1200 m 7—10 mm
Most species of harvestmen are omnivorous and can also be sa¬prophagous or predators of small arthropods . in amazonia wildlife .

Wandering Spider – wildlife amazon .
280—1000 m 40—50 mm
They are very aggressive and dangerous spiders. They are excellent nocturnal predators and catch their prey wander the forest wild amazon . During the day they hide in leaves, stones, and fallen logs .

Golden Silk Spider – forest amazon .
280—1000 m 25—35 mm
Very common weaving spiders in the Neotropics. Presents a stri¬king coloration. With sexual dimorphism, being the males very smaller this species in amazon wild .

Leafcutter Ant – whole amazon .
280—800 m 10—15 mm
They are mushroom cultivating ants for which they need cut leaves. They form underground nests up to 6 meters in diameter and 7 meters deep, they store these ongos for the rain season, in the tropical Amazon.

Treehopper – wild amazon .
700—2000 m 6—10 mm
Treehopper are phytophagous. Characterized because the prono¬tum is enlarged and often has projections that cover the dorsum and form spines, protuberances or horns , this species lives in amazon .

Airplane Grasshopper
280—1200 m 25—30 mm
Easy to identify by their peculiar resting posture, where the third pair of legs form a right angle with the body. They have thin wings that leave much of the abdomen uncovered , this species inside of the amazon .

Red-mapwing butterfly –amazon wildlife .
1500—2400 m 30—35 mm
Easily recognized by the distal half of the anterior wing, that is reddish-brown with white spots. Posterior wings orange with short tails. Finding in tropical amazon .

Owl butterfly – amazon .
1400—2200 m 110—120 mm
Easily recognized by the presence of two ocelli (eyespot) in the ven¬tral part of the posterior wing. They are the largest butterflies in the cloud forest in manu amazon ..

Brown siproeta – tropical amazonia .
700—2000 m 70—75 mm
Easily distinguished by the reddish-orange coloration on the dis¬tal half of anterior wings, and also having a white stripe through the middle of the two wings is commun in amazon .

Hercules beetle – wild amazon .
280—2000 m 110—130 mm
One of the largest beetles in the Neotropics. Males have two hor¬ns, one on the thorax and the other on the head; females lack them. that species lives in sudamerica amazon

Giant Metallic beetle – amazon wild .
280—2000 m 50—80 mm
Large a common beetle in de Amazon. The larvae are xylofagous, excavating galleries inside the decaying wood on which they feed
Weevil
280—4000 m
Small phytophagous beetles. Elongated snout with mouthparts at the tip, elbowed antennae. They are the most diverse group of beetles with more than 86,000 species , the lives and grow in amazon tropical .

PLANTS . AMAZON FLORA .

Mutis´s sunflower
2500—3500 m — —500 cm
Perennial climber with tendrils. Flowers intense orange. It is found on bushes and small trees, forming dense frameworks. Compound oval-shaped leaves finished in tendrils , This is how they developed in this Amazon jungle

Hierba de abeja
1050—3700 m 200.0—700.0 cm
Terrestrial. Creeping grass, slightly reddish-brown, hexagonal, triangular-oblong, woolly stems on the underside. Terminal inflo¬rescences on the main stem and branches. 40 yellow disc flowers .
In the amazon The best way to help bees is undoubtedly by maintaining a good floral offer, you should never miss aromatic plants .

Coriaceous fern – amazon flora .
2600—3800 m –—300.0 cm
this plant in the amazon are terrestrial, laminae with rounded base, sessile pinnae markedly ascending, linear lanceolate, with attenuated base and acute or obtuse apex, stipe with occasional sclerotic stingers.

Huaraco plant amazon .
3500—4000 m — —15.0 cm
Amazon plant native od amazon this is terrestrial. The flowers are yellow or orange, 2.5 to 3 cm long. The fruits are spherical with white hairs 3 cm in diameter, hidden in the stem section.

Huayna Picchu – fauna wildlife
2300—3800 m —300 cm
Perennial shrub with straight, slightly branched branches. Flowers of reddish to violet color arranged in clusters and with five petals. Leaves composed trifoliate, lanceolate and with acute apex. Fruit in legume , develop in amazon cloud forest . .

Seemannia – amazonia .
1500—2400 m
Perennial herbaceous plant with scaly rhizomes. Erect stems Striking orange flowers, with tubular corolla. Fruit in capsule form and with many seeds. that gives a lot of life to the Amazon with each seed that falls grows the plants

Carnivorous plant
2700— —
Terrestrial or epiphyte. Perennifolia, is a species of carnivorous plant. develop in amazonia wildlife
Spathe

Toothed Spathe Epidendrum Orquid – forest amazon .
2500—3600 m 26.0—35. Cm
Epiphyte It has up to 30 flowers in inflorescence, peduncle 5-12 cm long, grows in shrub, rocky and rivera forest in amazon . The flowering occurs between March to June.

Retuse Oncidium Orchid
1500—2600 m
Epiphyte, with compressed pseudobulbs, laterally elliptic to ova¬te. 10 short branches, with several flowers along the rachis and has 1 to 4 abortive flowers and 1 to 4 fertile on each branch. develop in this area amazon .

Bomarea – wildlife amazon .
2600—3500 m — —200.0 cm
Amazon plant is Terrestrial. Braided plant, robust stem up to 1 cm in diameter, not recurved at the apex, strongly pubescent. Linear sheets lan¬ceolate or lanceolate. Adaxial side of densely pubescent leaves.

Pitcairn Bromeliad
2500—3400 m
Terrestrial, medium size.

Bolivian Slipper Flower – wild amazon .
2500—3000 m
Flower shaped bag that resembles a shoe. Corolla is bilabia¬te with the upper lip smaller than the lower lip, formed by two adaxial pieces, lower lip with three abaxial pieces develop in wild nature amazon .

Ginger- forest amazon .
380—1500 m 50.0—300.0 cm
Rainforest nature amazon are terrestrial. Leaves narrowly elliptical, ovoid to cylindrical inflo¬rescence, bracts widely ovate, obtuse, glabrous to densely pu¬berulous, red to yellow-orange.

Uva de Anis
2400—3200 m 100.0—400.0 cm
Shrubby, with coriaceous leaves trinervous. Flowers with chalice 4 to 9 mm long, from green to red. It has an edible berry fruit of small size (8-14 mm), fruiting season from June to November. Beging to shape this plant – wild amazon .
Neotropical blueberry – nature plant amazon .
2500—3650 m — 200 cm
Shrubby plant, tubular flowers arranged in clusters, red to violet. Small and alternate leaves. Grow in the área amazon wild nature

Leather Bag Folded – tropical amazon
1000—1700 m — —60.0 cm
Perennial herbaceous plant amazon , terrestrial with fleshy stem. Tubu¬lar flowers arranged in a cluster forming intense orange umbels. Opposite leaves, green with silver central veins.

Quillo Sisa – amazon nature .
2200—3700 m — —600.0 cm
Shrubs or trees, Inflorescences in long panicles, up to 15 cm long, with numerous flowers grow in the área amazon . Ovoid fruits, fleshy, with several seeds. Leaves opposite, rigid coriaceous and without hairs.

Mountain Fuchsia – amazonia .
2200—3800 m 200.0—400.0 cm
Epiphytic shrub, sometimes climber. Leaves 3-5 whorled, firmly membranous. Petioles 3-12 mm long, red. Flowers usually few and hanging. Fruit in Berry – are very delicious grow in amazon

Altenstein Orchid – wild amazon .
1800—3300 m — —37.5 cm
Terrestrial. Of cold climates. It looks like a hyssop, blooms in a terminal spike. It is robust and erect. Its flowering is in May, but it can be found in bloom in late spring and early summer good season by this plant – amazon .

Golden Curved Lip Orchid – nature wild amazonia .
2400—3400 m 20.0—60.0 cm
Terrestrial epiphyte. It presents glabrous pseudobulbs, with lanceo¬late leaves. Cluster influorescence with approximately 16 flowers. It flowers from May to June, and the flowers last two and a half months this is better time amazon .

Pink and White Crucifix Orquid – amazonia tropical .
2000—3200 m — —200.0 cm
Are terrestria in amazon l. Without pseudobulbs, the petals and petals of va¬rious colors. Influorescence in terminal cluster. It flowers from February to June, and the flowers last two to three weeks.

Short Pachyphyllum Orchid – amazon jungle .
2800—3700 m — —
Epiphyte, small size. Commonly it has 3 to 4 flowers with inflo¬rescence, the flowers are large for the genus and grow in the arm¬pits, flowers shorter than the leaves , develop in amazon wild .

Little Brush  Lepanthopsis Orchid- nature plant amazon
2400—3200 m
Lives in this area amazon are Epiphyte, small size. Inflorescence in cluster form with several yellow flowers. Small leaves.

Otoglossum Orchid Weberbauer’s – flora amazon .
2000—2700 m — —20.0 cm
Amazon Epiphyte, small size. Leaves of petiolate base. They bloom be¬tween December to March.

Three Hearts Stelis Orchid – nature amazon .
1500—3000 m 7.0—10.0 cm

Epiphyte It grows in trees covered with mosses and lichens, in places with little shade. It forms colonies, each flower measuring approximately 3.5 mm, with pubescences at the edges, flowers between June and July in tropical amazon .

Vargas’ Telipogon Orchid – nature amazon .
2000—2800 m 6.0—15.0 cm
Terrestrial lyophitic, epiphyt. It grows in regularly shaded open spaces, with the presence of mosses. Stems erect, inflorescence in cluster, with two to three flowers develop in jungle amazon . It blooms from February to June.

Long Bracted Elleanthus Orchid – amazon tropical .
1000—3000 m 20.0—50.0 cm
Terrestrial, the leaves are small and lanceolate. Spike inflores¬cence. Size of flowers 0.5-1.0 cm long. They bloom from April to July this better time in amazon .

Beautiful Blooming Epidendrum Orchid – amazonia plant .
220—3000 m — —20.0 cm
Develop in amazon forest is errestrial or epiphyte. They flower in an inflorescence terminal little flowered, sub-umbelada that originates in a mature stalk with ellipti¬cal leaves that takes place at the end of the December to MarchMungo Schrader’s

Maxillaria Orchid – wildlife amazon .
1800—2700 m — —50.0 cm
Epiphyte or terrestrial amazon plant , approximate pseudobulbs, complana¬tory, oblong, rough, unifoliate, 5 cm long, 2.5 cm wide. Flowering from September to December

Caudate Sepal Lepanthes Orchid – wild amazon .
2450—2800 m
Epiphyte Erect stem, thick branches wrapped completely by 5 to 9 lepantiform sheaths with dilated ostia and carriers of a single apical. Flowering from June to December this species of the plant forest amazon .

Chain Shaped Bletia Orchid – tropical amazon wild .
280—2500 m 45.0—120.0 cm
Terrestrial. Stem long, erect to arched, with 3 to 9 ramified inflo¬rescences, flowers open successively from the center towards the side of a pseudobulb. Flowering between September to March in amazon wildlife.

Lanceolate False Foxglove
2000—3500 m — —50.0 cm
Annual or perennial herbs, erect, hemiparasite, simple stems. Flowers in terminal clusters, campanulate corolla. Capsule gene¬rally globose, reticulated seeds.

Haemanthus-Like Maxillaria Orchid rainforest amazon .
2100—3500 m — —60.0 cm
Terrestrial or Lithophite. They flower in a terminal inflorescence little flowered, subumbelada that originates in a mature stalk with elliptical and conduplicadas leaves in this área amazon . The flowering occurs between March to June

Tumbo Passion Fruit – wildlife amazon.
2800—3500 m
Amazon plant are Creeper. It has fruits in the shape of an ellipsoid of up to 8 cm, an edible fruit rich in minerals and vitamins. It is propagated by seeds. The best time of flowering is from July to September.

Monnina
—3500 m
Bush, Terrestrial. Amazon

Long Bracted Elleanthus Orchid .a
1500—3800 m 300.0—800.0 cm
Tree / Bush The only species of its kind, blooms all year round and is consumed by a variety of hummingbirds. It is used for firewood, carpentry and medicinal uses, its seeds can be consumed this species grows very big in this amazon .